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Government-owned kiln and the identifying of civilian kiln
From;    Author:Stand originally

Government-owned kiln is by the government build is chaired burn the china pit that make, use for palace only, try product quality only, not plan cost, can say government-owned kiln place burns the china that make to represent at that time the top level of porcelain course of study. According to carrying, grand sight of Northen Song Dynasty, politics and year government-owned kiln is installed in Beijing of another name for Kaifeng, history call official of Northen Song Dynasty kiln, this is the earliest " government-owned kiln " . Change hind is faced in capital south how (today Hangzhou) build long inside kiln of the official below department and outskirt altar. But kiln of official of Northen Song Dynasty and the Southern Song Dynasty are repaired inside department official kiln has not discover up to now, kiln of the official below outskirt altar already was disentombed formally. Distant generation locals authorities Mongolia bare peak and Bahrain different standard build kiln of a compound of sand, Lin Dong kiln inside. Bright Qing Dynasty two generation set drive in Jingdezhen implement factory, call drive kiln the factory again, namely government-owned kiln. After quiet day government-owned kiln not answer exist. Still one is plant is " the official is built civilian burn " government-owned kiln, it is field of civilian kiln kiln formerly, because produce character to had been measured, send an official personally superintend and director is burned, use for palace only, need not abandon namely. Specific have your kiln (in today Henan saves Bao Fengqing cool temple) , your kiln (in today Henan saves county of the reputed founder of the Ix Dynasty) , calm kiln (in today Heibei saves Qu Yang county) etc, the china that burns the place inside period in officer superintend and director calls government-owned kiln china for what palace uses. Still have jump over kiln, in the Five Dynasties 10 countries period by forestall of palace of family name of Wu Yue fund, the part produces the china that has government-owned kiln quality.

Civilian kiln is the place of civilian production china, the government-owned kiln of opposite palace initiate, civilian kiln all is belonged to outside dividing afore-mentioned government-owned kiln.

What civilian kiln china and government-owned kiln china are having essence is different, that is to say, different on style feature and aesthetic appeal, the estate that differs to seeming two because of what use, the china that royalty place uses is acted the role of in glair of modelling, embryo and grain in have firm demand; The identity of the person that civilian kiln china is used is different, include a noble to arrive pauper, degree of finish differs, some quality and government-owned kiln photograph are about the same. Terminal in bright generation appeared " city of Guan Min contest " . It is civilian kiln implement with government-owned kiln implement appear in the market the situation that mutual competition offers. Civilian kiln production and use the difference that has its history background, its connotation is different also.
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